Determining prostate cancer-specific death through quantification of stromogenic carcinoma area in prostatectomy specimens

Am J Pathol. 2011 Jan;178(1):79-87. doi: 10.1016/j.ajpath.2010.09.042. Epub 2010 Dec 23.


We previously reported that reactive stroma grading in prostate cancer (PCa) is predictive of biochemical recurrence in prostatectomies and biopsies. In this study, we tested whether quantifying the percentage of reactive stromal grade 3 (RSG 3; stromogenic carcinoma pattern) in the entire tumor is predictive of PCa-specific death. Whole-mount prostatectomies operated by a single surgeon obtained between 1983 and 1998 were reviewed. Reactive stroma was evaluated as described previously, and areas of RSG 3 in the entire tumor were registered as percentages of total tumor. Statistical analysis was performed using Spearman, Kaplan-Meier, and Cox analyses. In all, 872 cases were evaluable. Quantification of RSG 3 percentage was an independent predictor of biochemical recurrence, analyzed as a continuous or grouped variable. Patients with higher RSG 3 percentages (larger tumor areas with RSG 3) had a significantly decreased biochemical recurrence-free survival than those with a lower RSG 3 percentage, even within the Gleason score 7 subset of patients. A nomogram introduced this new variable to the model. Furthermore, quantification of RSG 3 percentage was significantly predictive of PCa-specific death. Quantification of the RSG 3 (stromogenic carcinoma) area in PCa provides additional novel information on prognosis. These data substantiate the concept that the tumor microenvironment holds significant predictive information, as well as biological significance.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Carcinoma / mortality*
  • Carcinoma / pathology*
  • Carcinoma / surgery
  • Cohort Studies
  • Disease-Free Survival
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / mortality
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Prognosis
  • Prostatectomy
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / mortality*
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / surgery