Pericardial tamponade secondary to central venous catheterization and hyperalimentation in a very low birthweight infant

Pediatr Pathol. 1990;10(5):819-23. doi: 10.3109/15513819009064715.


A very low birthweight infant developed pericardial tamponade secondary to leakage of fat emulsion through a catheter lodged in the right atrial appendage. At autopsy examination a thrombus was lodged in the appendage, which presumably resulted in immobilization of the catheter and leakage of the fluid through an attenuated and necrotic myocardial wall.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Cardiac Tamponade / etiology*
  • Cardiac Tamponade / pathology
  • Catheterization, Central Venous / adverse effects*
  • Equipment Failure
  • Fat Emulsions, Intravenous / adverse effects
  • Humans
  • Infant, Low Birth Weight*
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Parenteral Nutrition, Total / adverse effects*
  • Pericardium* / pathology


  • Fat Emulsions, Intravenous