Background: How to define poor growth response in the management of short growth hormone (GH)-treated children is controversial.
Aim: Assess various criteria of poor response.
Subjects and methods: Short GH-treated prepubertal children [n = 456; height (Ht) SD score (SDS) ≤-2] with idiopathic GH deficiency (IGHD, n = 173), idiopathic short stature (ISS, n = 37), small for gestational age (SGA, n = 54), organic GHD (OGHD, n = 40), Turner syndrome (TS, n = 43), skeletal dysplasia (n = 15), other diseases (n = 46) or syndromes (n = 48) were evaluated in this retrospective multicenter study. Median age at GH start was 6.3 years and Ht SDS -3.2.
Results: Median [25-75 percentile] first-year gain in Ht SDS was 0.65 (0.40-0.90) and height velocity (HtV) 8.67 (7.51-9.90) cm/year. Almost 50% of IGHD children fulfilled at least one criterion for poor responders. In 28% of IGHD children, Ht SDS gain was <0.5 and they had lower increases in median IGF-I SDS than those with Ht SDS >0.5. Only IGHD patients with peak stimulated growth hormone level <3 μg/l responded better than those with ISS. A higher proportion of children with TS, skeletal dysplasia or born SGA had Ht SDS gain <0.5.
Conclusion: Many children respond poorly to GH therapy. Recommendations defining a criterion may help in managing short stature patients.
Copyright © 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel.