Andreev and single-particle tunneling spectra of underdoped cuprate superconductors

Phys Rev Lett. 2010 Oct 15;105(16):167004. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.105.167004. Epub 2010 Oct 12.


We study tunneling spectroscopy between a normal metal and an underdoped cuprate superconductor modeled by a phenomenological theory in which the pseudogap is a precursor to the undoped Mott insulator. In the low barrier tunneling limit, the spectra are enhanced by Andreev reflection only within a voltage region of the small superconducting energy gap. In the high barrier tunneling limit, the spectra show a large energy pseudogap associated with single particle tunneling. Our theory semiquantitatively describes the two gap behavior observed in tunneling experiments.