Ocular surface tumors

Oman J Ophthalmol. 2009 Jan;2(1):3-14. doi: 10.4103/0974-620X.48415.


Tumors of the conjunctiva and cornea comprise a large and varied spectrum of conditions. These tumors are grouped into two major categories of congenital and acquired lesions. The acquired lesions are further subdivided based on origin of the mass into surface epithelial, mucoepidermoid, melanocytic, vascular, fibrous, neural, histiocytic, myxoid, myogenic, lipomatous, lymphoid, leukemic, metastatic and secondary tumors. Ocular surface tumors include a variety of neoplasms originating from squamous epithelium, melanocytic tumors and lymphocytic resident cells of the conjunctival stroma. In this review, we highlight clinical features of these lesions, important diagnostic and investigative tools and standard care of management.

Keywords: Conjunctival lymphoma; MALT; PAM; conjunctival melanoma; conjunctival nevi; conjunctvial neoplasms; corneal neoplasms; ocular surface tumors; topical chemotherapy.