Niacin promotes adipogenesis by reducing production of anti-adipogenic PGF2α through suppression of C/EBPβ-activated COX-2 expression

Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediat. 2011 Apr;94(3-4):96-103. doi: 10.1016/j.prostaglandins.2011.01.002. Epub 2011 Jan 12.


Niacin is converted to NAD and NADP in tissues, whose products are involved in a number of cellular processes; and it is associated with the regulation of adipogenesis. In this study, we identified the molecular mechanism by which niacin promotes the adipogenesis in mouse 3T3-L1 cells. When the cells were cultured with niacin, the expression of adipogenic peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ, CCAAT enhancer binding protein (C/EBP)α, and their target genes was enhanced concomitant with an increase in triglyceride storage. Moreover, niacin suppressed the expression of cyclooxygenase-2 and decreased the production of prostaglandin (PG) F(2α) in the early phase of adipogenesis, which PG suppresses the progression of adipogenesis via the PGF(2α) receptor. Furthermore, niacin decreased the C/EBPβ level in the early phase of adipogenesis. These results indicate that niacin promoted adipogenesis by suppressing the production of the anti-adipogenic PGF(2α) through down-regulation of C/EBPβ-activated cyclooxygenase-2 expression in adipocytes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • 3T3-L1 Cells
  • Adipocytes / drug effects
  • Adipocytes / metabolism*
  • Adipogenesis* / drug effects
  • Adipogenesis* / genetics
  • Animals
  • CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Protein-beta
  • CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Proteins / genetics
  • CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Proteins / metabolism*
  • Cyclooxygenase 2 / genetics
  • Cyclooxygenase 2 / metabolism*
  • Dinoprost / biosynthesis*
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Mice
  • Niacin / pharmacology
  • Niacin / physiology*
  • Triglycerides / metabolism


  • CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Protein-beta
  • CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Proteins
  • CEBPB protein, human
  • Triglycerides
  • Niacin
  • Dinoprost
  • Ptgs2 protein, mouse
  • Cyclooxygenase 2