Disassembly of the JIP1/JNK molecular scaffold by caspase-3-mediated cleavage of JIP1 during apoptosis

Exp Cell Res. 2011 Apr 15;317(7):1028-39. doi: 10.1016/j.yexcr.2011.01.011. Epub 2011 Jan 13.

Abstract

We report here the cleavage of the c-Jun N-terminal Kinase (JNK) pathway scaffold protein, JNK Interacting Protein-1 (JIP1), by caspases during both Tumour Necrosis Factor-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand (TRAIL) and staurosporine-induced apoptosis in HeLa cells. During the initiation of apoptosis, maximal JNK activation is observed when JIP1 is intact, whereas cleavage of JIP1 correlates with JNK inactivation and progression of apoptosis. JIP1 is cleaved by caspase-3 at two sites, leading to disassembly of the JIP1/JNK complex. Inhibition of JIP1 cleavage by the caspase-3 inhibitor DEVD.fmk inhibits this disassembly, and is accompanied by sustained JNK activation. These data suggest that TRAIL and staurosporine induce JNK activation in a caspase-3-independent manner and that caspase-3-mediated JIP1 cleavage plays a role in JNK inactivation via scaffold disassembly during the execution phase of apoptosis. Caspase-mediated cleavage of JIP scaffold proteins may therefore represent an important mechanism for modulation of JNK signalling during apoptotic cell death.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing / genetics
  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing / metabolism*
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Apoptosis / drug effects
  • Apoptosis / physiology*
  • Caspase 3 / genetics
  • Caspase 3 / metabolism*
  • Enzyme Activation
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • HeLa Cells
  • Humans
  • JNK Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases / genetics
  • JNK Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases / metabolism*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Sequence Alignment
  • Signal Transduction / drug effects
  • Staurosporine / pharmacology
  • TNF-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand / pharmacology

Substances

  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • MAPK8IP1 protein, human
  • TNF-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand
  • JNK Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
  • Caspase 3
  • Staurosporine