[Early childhood caries. Epidemiological considerations]

Rev Med Chir Soc Med Nat Iasi. Jul-Sep 2010;114(3):866-9.
[Article in Romanian]

Abstract

Aim: To asses the current demographic tendencies of the carioactivity, in Iaşi area, especially ECC and S-ECC.

Material and methods: Study group included 500 subjects (276 girls and 224 boys), 3-6 years of age, 70% urban and 30% rural. The oro-dental evaluation was achieved through clinical investigation, based on criteria and markers recommended by WHO, the estimation of the indices of the caries prevalence: caod, cao, SIC, ICDAS, psychological assessment and sociological investigation using interviews and questionnaires. Recorded data were used for statistical analysis in SPSS 17 trial, in visual FOX-PRO9.

Results: The hole assessment showed a low caries risk (83.3%), compared to the values of the medium caries risk (9.2%), and of the high caries risk (7.5%). In term of clinic variability, the normal carial pattern is frequent, followed by atypical carial patterns, ECC and S-ECC, with differences between genders (boys - 1.91, girls - 1.99). In relation to the socio-economic level of the family, the cao index varies: cao-1--high socio-economic level, cao-1.46--medium socio-economic level, cao2.87--low socio-economic level.

Conclusions: The values of the epidemiologic indices, showed a variability of the carioactivity of the temporary dentition, with growth of the atipical carial patterns, ECC and SECC. The above mentioned aspects require to reconsider the view points on temporary dentition and the promotion of an educational and prevention programme.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • DMF Index
  • Dental Caries / epidemiology*
  • Dental Caries / etiology
  • Dental Caries / prevention & control
  • Diet, Cariogenic
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Prevalence
  • Risk Assessment
  • Risk Factors
  • Romania / epidemiology
  • Rural Population / statistics & numerical data*
  • Sex Distribution
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Tooth, Deciduous
  • Urban Population / statistics & numerical data*