The safety and efficacy of the XIENCE V everolimus-eluting stent (EES) compared to the Taxus Express(2) paclitaxel-eluting stent (PES) has been demonstrated through 2 years in the SPIRIT II and III randomized clinical trials, but limited longer-term data have been reported. In the SPIRIT III trial, 1,002 patients with up to 2 lesions in 2 coronary arteries were randomized 2:1 to EESs versus PESs at 65 United States sites. At completion of 3-year follow-up, treatment with EES compared to PES resulted in a significant 30% decrease in the primary clinical end point of target vessel failure (cardiac death, myocardial infarction, or ischemic-driven target vessel revascularization, 13.5% vs 19.2%, hazard ratio 0.70, 95% confidence interval 0.50 to 0.96, p = 0.03) and a 43% decrease in major adverse cardiovascular events, cardiac death, myocardial infarction, or ischemic-driven target lesion revascularization (9.1% vs 15.7%, hazard ratio 0.57, 95% confidence interval 0.39 to 0.83, p = 0.003). In a landmark analysis, major adverse cardiovascular events were decreased to a similar extent with EES compared to PES 0 through 1 year and 1 year through 3 years (hazard ratio 0.56, 95% confidence interval 0.35 to 0.90; hazard ratio 0.59, 95% confidence interval 0.31 to 1.11, respectively). In conclusion, patients treated with EES rather than PES in the SPIRIT III trial had significantly improved event-free survival at 3 years. From 1 year to 3 years hazard curves continued to diverge in favor of EES, consistent with an improving long-term safety and efficacy profile of EES compared to PES, with no evidence of late catchup.
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.