A new β-carbonic anhydrase from Brucella suis, its cloning, characterization, and inhibition with sulfonamides and sulfamates, leading to impaired pathogen growth

Bioorg Med Chem. 2011 Feb 1;19(3):1172-8. doi: 10.1016/j.bmc.2010.12.048. Epub 2010 Dec 30.


A β-carbonic anhydrase (CA, EC from the bacterial pathogen Brucella suis, bsCA II, has been cloned, purified, and characterized kinetically. bsCA II showed high catalytic activity for the hydration of CO(2) to bicarbonate, with a k(cat) of 1.1×10(6), and k(cat)/K(m) of 8.9×10(7)M(-1)s(-1). A panel of sulfonamides and sulfamates have been investigated for inhibition of this enzyme. All types of activities, from the low nanomolar to the micromolar, have been detected for these derivatives, which showed inhibition constants in the range of 7.3nM-8.56μM. The best bsCA II inhibitors were some glycosylated sulfanilamides, aliphatic sulfamates, and halogenated sulfanilamides, with inhibition constants of 7.3-87nM. Some of these dual inhibitors of bsCA I and II, also inhibited bacterial growth in vitro, in liquid cultures. These promising data on live bacteria allow us to propose bacterial β-CA inhibition as an approach for obtaining anti-infective agents with a new mechanism of action compared to classical antibiotics.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / chemistry
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / pharmacology*
  • Brucella suis / drug effects*
  • Brucella suis / enzymology
  • Brucella suis / growth & development
  • Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors / chemistry
  • Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors / pharmacology*
  • Carbonic Anhydrases / chemistry
  • Carbonic Anhydrases / genetics
  • Carbonic Anhydrases / isolation & purification
  • Carbonic Anhydrases / metabolism*
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Drug Design
  • Drug Discovery
  • Inhibitory Concentration 50
  • Kinetics
  • Sulfonamides / chemistry
  • Sulfonamides / pharmacology*
  • Sulfonic Acids / chemistry
  • Sulfonic Acids / pharmacology*


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors
  • Sulfonamides
  • Sulfonic Acids
  • sulfamic acid
  • Carbonic Anhydrases