Feedback regulation of EGFR signalling: decision making by early and delayed loops

Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol. 2011 Feb;12(2):104-17. doi: 10.1038/nrm3048.


Human-made information relay systems invariably incorporate central regulatory components, which are mirrored in biological systems by dense feedback and feedforward loops. This type of system control is exemplified by positive and negative feedback loops (for example, receptor endocytosis and dephosphorylation) that enable growth factors and receptor Tyr kinases of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)/ERBB family to regulate cellular function. Recent studies show that the collection of feedback regulatory loops can perform computational tasks - such as decoding ligand specificity, transforming graded input signals into a digital output and regulating response kinetics. Aberrant signal processing and feedback regulation can lead to defects associated with pathologies such as cancer.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Endocytosis
  • ErbB Receptors / metabolism*
  • Feedback, Physiological*
  • Humans
  • Neoplasms / physiopathology
  • Signal Transduction*


  • ErbB Receptors