Human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-E and HLA-G molecules act as powerful modulators of innate and adaptive immune responses. The study examined whether HLA-E and/or HLA-G polymorphisms are associated with human papillomavirus (HPV) infection susceptibility and persistence in 636 female university students in Montreal. HLA-G*01:01:02 and HLA-G*01:01:08 alleles were associated with increased risk of HPV-16 (odds ratio (OR) = 2.10, 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.11-3.96) and any infections with HPV types from α species 1, 8, 10, and 13 (OR = 2.72, 95% CI, 1.11-6.68). HLA-G*01:01:02 and HLA-G*01:03 alleles were associated with persistent HPV-16 (OR = 2.07, 95% CI, 1.16-3.68) and persistent infections with HPV types from α species 2, 3, 4, and 15 (OR = 2.99, 95% CI, 1.12-8.00). HLA-E polymorphism was not associated with risk of acquisition or persistence of HPV infection. These results suggest that HLA-G molecules may play a role in mediating HPV infection risk.
Copyright © 2011 American Society for Histocompatibility and Immunogenetics. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.