Association between nutritional status and positive childhood disability screening using the ten questions plus tool in Sarlahi, Nepal

J Health Popul Nutr. 2010 Dec;28(6):585-94. doi: 10.3329/jhpn.v28i6.6607.


The study was conducted to examine the association between the indicators of malnutrition and disability of children as reported by caregivers. The Ten Questions Plus questionnaire was administered to caregivers of 1,902 children aged 1-9 years, during August 2007-March 2008, in rural Nepal. Height and weight of children were also measured. The main outcome was a positive response to one or more questions. In total, 514 (27%) children had a positive response to at least one question. Moderate stunting [odds ratio (OR)=1.47, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.02-2.12) and severe (OR=2.39, 95% CI 1.60-3.57) stunting were independently associated with reported delay in sitting, standing, or walking. Severe stunting was also associated with report of delayed learning compared to other children of similar age (OR=2.01, 95% CI 1.27-3.20). Parental report of disability was quite prevalent in this setting, with over a quarter of the sample screening positive. Chronic malnutrition may be associated with delayed motor and mental development.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Caregivers* / psychology
  • Child
  • Child Development / physiology*
  • Child Nutrition Disorders / diagnosis
  • Child Nutrition Disorders / physiopathology*
  • Child, Preschool
  • Disability Evaluation*
  • Disabled Children*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Nepal
  • Nutritional Status*
  • Parents / psychology
  • Rural Health
  • Surveys and Questionnaires