Engineered optical nonlinearity for quantum light sources

Opt Express. 2011 Jan 3;19(1):55-65. doi: 10.1364/OE.19.000055.

Abstract

Many applications in optical quantum information processing benefit from careful spectral shaping of single-photon wave-packets. In this paper we tailor the joint spectral wave-function of photons created in parametric downconversion by engineering the nonlinearity profile of a poled crystal. We designed a crystal with an approximately Gaussian nonlinearity profile and confirmed successful wave-packet shaping by two-photon interference experiments. We numerically show how our method can be applied for attaining one of the currently most important goals of single-photon quantum optics, the creation of pure single photons without spectral correlations.