The mouse COL3A1 first intron is 9684 bp. RNA's of approximately 1.6 and 3.0 kb were detected by Northern hybridization analysis of poly-A RNA from fetal mice and total RNA from suckling and adult mouse intestine using (32)P-labeled, anti-sense RNA synthesized from a mouse COL3A1 first intron, 5 prime region, 5.4 kb Xba I fragment (1655-7030 bp), recombinant plasmid (pPI5.4x). Expression of the 1.6 and 3.0 kb RNA's was significantly reduced in adult mouse intestine, indicating that these RNAs are developmentally regulated. "BLAST" analysis indicated that the mouse first intron 5 prime sequence has 94-100% identity to 13 mouse ESTs. These mouse first intron EST's lie within the 5.4 Xba I fragment of the mouse COL3A1 first intron. Two of the mouse first intron EST's have significant identity to known miRNA, mature sequences, mmu-miR-466f-3P, mmu-miR-1187, and mmu-miR-574-5P as well as others. Predicted targets for mmu-miR-466f-3P include COL1A1, COL19A1, COL11A2, COL4A1, and COL4A5 indicating that COL3A1 intronic miRNAs may regulate the expression of other collagen genes in development.
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