Microbial 2,3-butanediol production: a state-of-the-art review

Biotechnol Adv. May-Jun 2011;29(3):351-64. doi: 10.1016/j.biotechadv.2011.01.007. Epub 2011 Jan 24.


2,3-butanediol is a promising bulk chemical due to its extensive industry applications. The state-of-the-art nature of microbial 2,3-butanediol production is reviewed in this paper. Various strategies for efficient and economical microbial 2,3-butanediol production, including strain improvement, substrate alternation, and process development, are reviewed and compared with regard to their pros and cons. This review also summarizes value added derivatives of biologically produced 2,3-butanediol and different strategies for downstream processing. The future prospects of microbial 2,3-butanediol production are discussed in light of the current progress, challenges, and trends in this field. Guidelines for future studies are also proposed.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Butylene Glycols / metabolism*
  • Microbiology*


  • Butylene Glycols
  • 2,3-butylene glycol