In conditions of ischemia/reperfusion (I/R), the relative use of all available substrates by the heart has a significant effect on the recovery of the organ. This substrate preference in perfused hearts is influenced by ischemia. We followed the metabolic fate of [U-(13) C]glucose and [3-(13) C]lactate in hearts preserved in Celsior (Cs) and histidine buffer solution (HBS) for 4 or 6 h and subsequently perfused with a Krebs-Henseleit solution (KH) containing [U-(13) C]glucose and [3-(13) C]lactate. We also assessed gender-specific metabolic modulation in our I/R experimental conditions. Hearts from male and female Wistar rats (6-8 weeks) were subjected to moderate (0-240 min) or prolonged (240-360 min) cold ischemia whilst immersed in Cs and HBS, and perfused for 30 min with KH containing [U-(13) C]glucose and [3-(13) C]lactate. After perfusion, hearts were freeze-clamped and metabolites were extracted for (13) C NMR isotopomer analysis. In control conditions, there were no differences with regard to lactate origin in hearts from males and females. After 6 h of preservation in Cs, lactate origin was mostly from [U-(13) C]glucose in hearts from males and from [3-(13) C]lactate in hearts from females. During the 6 h of organ preservation in HBS, the lactate pool showed a strong contribution from unenriched sources in male hearts and from [U-(13) C]glucose in female hearts. The glutamate C2/C4 ratio was stable or increased in hearts from females after I/R, and the alanine index increased in hearts from both males and females. Octanoate was, as predicted, the preferential substrate during perfusion. Glucose and lactate suffer a distinct metabolic fate in our I/R conditions, which is related to the cardioplegic solution used during organ storage, and the gender. Hearts from females appear to be less sensitive to I/R injury, and heart preservation in HBS proved to be effective in enhancing anaplerosis during perfusion, especially in hearts from females.
Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.