Epidemiology of prediabetes

Med Clin North Am. 2011 Mar;95(2):299-307, vii. doi: 10.1016/j.mcna.2010.11.003.

Abstract

Identifying individuals at increased risk of developing diabetes has assumed increasing importance with the expansion of the evidence from clinical trials on the prevention or delay of type 2 diabetes using lifestyle modification and medication. The epidemiology of prediabetes depends on the diagnostic method used. Glucose measures defining impaired glucose tolerance and impaired fasting glucose levels identify about 10% of the adults to have prediabetes, whereas glycated hemoglobin-based criteria identify a significantly lower proportion of the population. Increasingly, multifactorial risk tools are being used and cut-points set to identify approximately 15% of the population as being at high risk.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cardiovascular Diseases / epidemiology
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / epidemiology*
  • Global Health*
  • Glucose Intolerance
  • Glycated Hemoglobin A / analysis
  • Humans
  • Prediabetic State / blood
  • Prediabetic State / diagnosis
  • Prediabetic State / epidemiology*
  • Prevalence
  • Risk Assessment
  • Risk Factors
  • World Health Organization

Substances

  • Glycated Hemoglobin A