Diagnosis of prediabetes

Med Clin North Am. 2011 Mar;95(2):341-52, viii. doi: 10.1016/j.mcna.2010.11.012.


A rational approach to diagnosing prediabetes is essential to identify those who would benefit from entering diabetes prevention programs. Impaired fasting glucose and impaired glucose tolerance are similar in relation to their ability to identify those at risk of diabetes or cardiovascular disease; however, because they identify different segments of the at-risk population, there is value in undertaking glucose tolerance testing to ensure that both conditions can be diagnosed. Simple noninvasive diabetes risk scores offer a valuable entry point in the diagnosis of prediabetes, enabling the identification of those who need blood testing.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Blood Glucose
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / blood
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / diagnosis
  • Glucose Intolerance / blood
  • Glucose Intolerance / diagnosis
  • Glycated Hemoglobin / analysis
  • Humans
  • Prediabetic State / blood*
  • Prediabetic State / diagnosis*
  • Risk Assessment
  • Risk Factors


  • Blood Glucose
  • Glycated Hemoglobin A