Background: The aim of our study was to evaluate the prevalence of acquired thrombophilic factors in Stage V chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients according to dialysis modality, the rate of correction of these factors 1 month after renal transplantation and their impact on cardiovascular or thromboembolic events at 1 year.
Methods: Three hundred and ten patients were prospectively screened for seven thrombophilic factors at transplantation; 215 of them were also assayed 1 month after. All the patients received prophylactic acetylsalicylic acid, started before transplantation.
Results: The prevalence of thrombophilic factors was significantly higher in patients under dialysis (n = 289) than in patients not yet on dialysis (n = 21) (74 versus 52.4%; P = 0.03) but was similar in haemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis patients (74.2 versus 73.2%). One month after transplantation, the global prevalence of thrombophilic factors had dropped from 74.4 to 44.7% (P < 0.001). Most thrombophilic factors had disappeared after transplantation: antithrombin deficiency: 13.5 versus 0.9%; P < 0.001, protein C deficiency: 12.1 versus 1.9%; P < 0.001, protein S deficiency: 3.7 versus 1.4%; P = 0.1, lupus anticoagulant: 37.7 versus 8.4%; P < 0.001 and antiphospholipid antibodies: 29.3 versus 12.6%; P < 0.001. The prevalence of activated protein C resistance, which reflects inherited factor V (FV) Leiden, was unchanged (1.9%), while the prevalence of elevated factor VIIIc increased from 20.9 to 30.7%, P < 0.001. The incidence of cardiovascular or thromboembolic events 1 year after transplantation was similar in patients with more than or equal to one thrombophilic factor at 1 month (5.2%) versus thrombophilic-free patients (6.7%).
Conclusion: Acquired thrombophilic factors are highly prevalent among Stage V CKD patients. Most thrombophilic factors are corrected 1 month after transplantation.