Facial fractures

Plast Reconstr Surg. 2011 Feb;127(2):25e-34e. doi: 10.1097/PRS.0b013e318200cb2d.


Fractures of the facial skeleton can result in the loss of an aesthetically pleasing appearance and basic function, and many cases subsequently require an operative intervention. The surgeon managing these facial fractures must, at the same time, be cognizant of concomitant injuries, including neurologic, ophthalmologic, and cervical spine issues. For most situations, early stabilization in anatomical position using rigid fixation will give the most accurate reduction for the optimal return of preoperative appearance and function, while reducing long-term soft-tissue contracture.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Bone Plates
  • Ethmoid Bone / injuries
  • Facial Bones / injuries*
  • Facial Bones / surgery*
  • Frontal Bone / injuries
  • Humans
  • Mandibular Fractures / diagnosis
  • Mandibular Fractures / surgery
  • Neurosurgical Procedures
  • Orbital Fractures / diagnostic imaging
  • Orbital Fractures / surgery
  • Physical Examination
  • Skull Fractures / diagnosis
  • Skull Fractures / surgery*
  • Surgical Wound Infection / surgery
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed