Genetic alterations in gastric precancerous lesions

Genet Couns. 2010;21(4):439-50.

Abstract

To investigate the occurrence of 17p (p53) loss of heterozygosity (LOH) and increased 4N or aneuploidy in gastric precancerous lesions (GPL), and their association with Helicobacter pylori (H pylori) infection. A total of 78 gastric mucosal biopsy specimens, including 10 normal mucosa and 68 gastric precancerous lesions [chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG, n = 20), intestinal metaplasia (IM, n = 12), low grade dysplasia (LGD, n = 15), and high grade dysplasia (HGD, n = 21)] were studied using PCR and flow cytometry. A modified Giemsa staining technique was used to detect H pylori. The study was performed in Erzurum Numune Hospital between 2007 and 2009. 17p (p53) LOH was observed in (1/20) 5% of CAG, in (2/12) 16% of IM, in (3/15) 20% of LGD and in (11/21) 53% of HGD. There was correlation between prevalence of 17p (p53) LOH and histological type of GPL (P = 0.004). Similarly, increased 4N or aneuploidy was detected in (1/20) 5% of CAG, in (1/12) 8% of IM, in (2/15) 13% of LGD and in (9/21) 43% of HGD. The correlation was found between aneuploidy and histological type of GPL (P = 0.009). However, there was no correlation between presence of H pylori infection in histological type of GPL (P = 0.921). On the other hand, a significant association was found between increased 4N or aneuploidy and 17p (p53) LOH in all of GPL (P = 0.0001). However, there was no statistically significant association between H pylori infection and 17p (p53) LOH or increased 4N/aneuplody in GPL. 17p (p53) LOH and increased 4N or aneuploidy are closely related to the early stages of gastric carcinogenesis.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aneuploidy*
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Female
  • Gene Silencing
  • Genes, p53*
  • Helicobacter Infections / epidemiology*
  • Helicobacter pylori*
  • Humans
  • Loss of Heterozygosity*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Precancerous Conditions / epidemiology*
  • Precancerous Conditions / genetics*
  • Stomach Neoplasms / epidemiology*
  • Stomach Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Turkey / epidemiology