Introduction: Protein energy wasting is closely related to increased morbidity and mortality in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. Simple reliable and easily available methods of determining nutritional status and recognition of short-term changes in body composition are therefore important for clinical practice.
Methods: We compared whole-body and segmental composition using multifrequency bioelectrical impedance analysis (MF-BIA) and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) in 104 stable PD patients.
Results: Assessment of whole-body composition showed that lean body mass (LBM) was highly correlated with good method agreement using DEXA as the reference test (r = 0.95, p < 0.0001; bias -0.88 kg, 95% CI -1.53 to 0.23 kg). Similarly, high correlation and good method agreement were found for fat mass (r = 0.93, p < 0.0001; bias 0.69 kg, 95% CI 0.03-1.36 kg). Segmental analysis of LBM revealed strong correlations between LBM for trunk, left and right arms and legs (r = 0.90, 0.84, 0.86, 0.89 and 0.90, respectively, p < 0.0001). Bone mineral content derived by MF-BIA overestimated that measured by DEXA (bias 0.740 kg, 95% CI 0.66-0.82 kg).
Conclusion: MF-BIA may potentially be a useful tool for determining nutritional status in PD patients and serial estimations may help recognize short-term changes in body composition.
Copyright © 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel.