Cancer is the second most common cause of death in children and young people (0-19 years) accounting for 16.2% of deaths in England and Wales in 2005. Only 37.6% children and young people who died from cancer in Yorkshire were referred to Martin House Children's Hospice (MH) during the period 1990-2005. A significantly higher proportion with central nervous system tumours and a significantly lower than expected proportion with leukaemia or lymphoma were referred for palliative care. There is potential to increase the proportion of children and young people with cancer who are referred to specialist palliative care services.
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