Complete genome sequence of Haliangium ochraceum type strain (SMP-2)

Stand Genomic Sci. 2010 Jan 28;2(1):96-106. doi: 10.4056/sigs.69.1277.


Haliangium ochraceum Fudou et al. 2002 is the type species of the genus Haliangium in the myxococcal family 'Haliangiaceae'. Members of the genus Haliangium are the first halophilic myxobacterial taxa described. The cells of the species follow a multicellular lifestyle in highly organized biofilms, called swarms, they decompose bacterial and yeast cells as most myxobacteria do. The fruiting bodies contain particularly small coccoid myxospores. H. ochraceum encodes the first actin homologue identified in a bacterial genome. Here we describe the features of this organism, together with the complete genome sequence, and annotation. This is the first complete genome sequence of a member of the myxococcal suborder Nannocystineae, and the 9,446,314 bp long single replicon genome with its 6,898 protein-coding and 53 RNA genes is part of the Genomic Encyclopedia of Bacteria and Archaea project.

Keywords: GEBA; Gram-negative; Myxococcales; aerobic; decomposition of bacterial and yeast cells; fruiting bodies; gliding; mesophile; moderately halophilic; myxobacteria.