[I]-Celecoxib Analogues as SPECT Tracers of Cyclooxygenase-2 in Inflammation

ACS Med Chem Lett. 2011 Feb 10;2(2):160-164. doi: 10.1021/ml100232q. Epub 2010 Nov 12.


We report the synthesis and evaluation of a series of iodinated celecoxib analogues as cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2)-targeted single photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT) imaging agents for the detection of inflammation. The structure-activity relationship identified 5-(4-iodophenyl)-1-{4-(methylsulfonyl)phenyl}-3-(trifluoromethyl)-1H-pyrazole (8) as a promising compound with IC(50) values of 0.05 μM against purified COX-2 and 0.03 μM against COX-2 in activated macrophages. The arylstannane of 8 undergoes facile radio-[(123)I]-iodination upon treatment with Na(123)I/NaI and chloramine T using an EtOAc/H(2)O two-phase system. The [(123)I]-8 was produced in a radiochemical yield of 85% and a radiochemical purity of 99%. In vivo SPECT imaging demonstrated that the radiotracer was taken up by inflamed rat paws with an average 1.7-fold enrichment over contralateral noninflamed paws. This study suggests that conversion of celecoxib into its isomeric iodo-[(123)I]-analogues is a useful approach for generating novel and efficacious agents for COX-2-targeted SPECT imaging of inflammation.

Grant support

National Institutes of Health, United States