Is temporary employment related to health status? Analysis of the Northern Swedish Cohort

Scand J Public Health. 2011 Jul;39(5):533-9. doi: 10.1177/1403494810395821. Epub 2011 Feb 14.


Aims: The aim of this study was to investigate whether temporary employment was related to non-optimal self-rated health and psychological distress at age 42 after adjustment for the same indicators at age 30, and to analyze the effects of job insecurity, low cash margin and high job strain on this relationship.

Methods: A subcohort of the Northern Swedish Cohort that was employed at the 2007 follow-up survey (n = 907, response rate of 94%) was analyzed using data from 1995 and 2007 questionnaires.

Results: Temporary employees had a higher risk of both non-optimal self-rated health and psychological distress. After adjustment for non-optimal self-rated health at age 30 and psychological distress at age 30 as well as for sociodemographic variables, the odds ratios decreased but remained significant. However, after adjustment for job insecurity, high job strain and low cash margin the odds ratio dropped for non-optimal self-rated health but remained significant for psychological distress.

Conclusions: Temporary employment may have adverse effects on self-rated health and psychological health after adjustment for previous health status and sociodemographic variables. Our findings indicate that low cash margin and job insecurity may partially mediate the association between temporary employment and health status.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cohort Studies
  • Employment*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Health Status*
  • Health Surveys
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mental Health
  • Occupational Health
  • Prospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • Self Report
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Stress, Psychological / epidemiology
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Sweden / epidemiology