A novel Surface Plasmon Resonance enhanced Total Internal Reflection Ellipsometric application: electrochemically grafted isophthalic acid nanofilm on gold surface

Analyst. 2011 Apr 7;136(7):1464-71. doi: 10.1039/c0an00410c. Epub 2011 Feb 14.


The scope of this study is to modify a Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR) sensor slide with isophthalic acid to evaluate the possible application on the detection of copper(II) ions in aqueous media by total internal reflection ellipsometry. A gold sensor surface was modified by an electrochemical diazonium reduction modification method. The modified surfaces are characterized with cyclic voltammetry (CV) and ellipsometry. Isophthalic acid monolayer modified gold slides were used for in situ detection of aqueous Cu(2+) solution with the SPR enhanced total internal reflection ellipsometry (SPRe-TIRE) technique. Layer formation, pH dependency of adsorption, sensor response of the SPRe-TIRE and isothermal kinetic parameters were examined. A high dependency on the number of CV cycles in the monolayer-multiple layer transition was observed. The suggested sensor gave a linear response over a wide range of Cu(2+) concentrations. It was also reported that adsorption on the SPRe-TIRE sensor gave Langmuir adsorption model behavior.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adsorption
  • Copper / analysis
  • Electrochemical Techniques / methods*
  • Gold / chemistry*
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Kinetics
  • Nanostructures / chemistry*
  • Phthalic Acids / chemistry*
  • Surface Plasmon Resonance / methods*
  • Surface Properties


  • Phthalic Acids
  • isophthalate
  • Gold
  • Copper