Do mucositis lesions around implants differ from gingivitis lesions around teeth?

J Clin Periodontol. 2011 Mar;38 Suppl 11:182-7. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-051X.2010.01667.x.

Abstract

Background: The purpose of this review was to compare peri-implant mucositis and gingivitis with respect to the pathogenesis aspects.

Search strategy: An electronic search was performed up to June 2010 based on the PubMed database of the National Library of Medicine and The Cochrane Library of the Cochrane Collaboration (CENTRAL). A hand search considered the bibliography of a recently published review on the same topic (Heitz-Mayfield & Lang 2010).

Results: The host response to biofilms does not differ substantially at teeth or implants. The most obvious sign clinically is the development of an inflammatory lesion as a result of the bacterial challenge. Gingivitis at teeth or peri-implant mucositis at implants are precursors for more detrimental lesions, and hence have to be diagnosed properly and prevented by applying anti-infective therapy. Non-surgical interventions are usually sufficient for the treatment of both gingivitis and mucositis.

Conclusions: Gingivitis and peri-implant mucositis are not fundamentally different from pathogenesis and diagnosis points of view.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bacteria / immunology
  • Biofilms / growth & development
  • Dental Implants / microbiology*
  • Gingivitis / diagnosis
  • Gingivitis / immunology
  • Gingivitis / microbiology*
  • Host-Pathogen Interactions / immunology
  • Humans
  • Inflammation Mediators / physiology
  • Periodontitis / diagnosis
  • Periodontitis / immunology
  • Periodontitis / microbiology*
  • Tooth / microbiology*

Substances

  • Dental Implants
  • Inflammation Mediators