My baby, my move: examination of perceived barriers and motivating factors related to antenatal physical activity

J Midwifery Womens Health. 2011 Jan-Feb;56(1):33-40. doi: 10.1111/j.1542-2011.2010.00004.x.


Introduction: Based on a socioecological model, the present study examined multilevel barriers and facilitators related to physical activity engagement during pregnancy in women of low socioeconomic status.

Methods: Individual and paired interviews were conducted with 25 pregnant women (aged 18-46 years, 17-40 weeks' gestation) to ask about motivational factors and to compare differences in activity level and parity. Atlas/Ti software was used to code verbatim interview transcripts by organizing codes into categories that reflect symbolic domains of meaning, relational patterns, and overarching themes.

Results: Perceived barriers and motivating factors differed between exercisers and nonexercisers at intrapersonal, interpersonal, and environmental levels.

Discussion: Future interventions should take into account key motivating multilevel factors and barriers to tailor more meaningful advice for pregnant women.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Culture
  • Exercise / physiology*
  • Exercise / psychology*
  • Female
  • Health Behavior
  • Humans
  • Life Style
  • Middle Aged
  • Motivation*
  • Pregnancy / physiology*
  • Prenatal Care
  • Social Class
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Young Adult