Identifying the gap between need and intervention for alcohol use disorders in Europe

Addiction. 2011 Mar;106 Suppl 1:31-6. doi: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2010.03335.x.

Abstract

Aims: A literature review of existing research on the prevalence of alcohol use disorders (AUDs) and availability of alcohol interventions in Europe was conducted. The review also explored what is known about the gap between need and provision of alcohol interventions in Europe.

Methods: The review search strategy included: (i) descriptive studies of alcohol intervention systems in Europe; (ii) studies of alcohol service provision in Europe; and (iii) studies of prevalence of AUD and alcohol needs assessment in Europe.

Results: Europe has a relatively high level of alcohol consumption and the resulting disabilities are the highest in the world. Most research on implementation of alcohol interventions in Europe has been restricted to screening and brief interventions. Alcohol needs assessment methodology has been developed but has not been applied in comparative studies across countries in Europe.

Conclusions: This review points to key gaps in knowledge related to alcohol interventions in Europe. There is a lack of comparative data on variations in alcohol treatment systems across European countries and there is also a lack of comparative data on the prevalence of alcohol use disorders across European countries and the relative gap between need and access to treatment. The forthcoming Alcohol Measures for Public Health Research Alliance (AMPHORA) research project work package on 'Early identification and treatment' aims to address these gaps.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Alcohol Drinking / epidemiology
  • Alcohol-Related Disorders / epidemiology*
  • Alcohol-Related Disorders / therapy
  • Early Diagnosis
  • Europe / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Health Policy*
  • Health Services Accessibility / statistics & numerical data
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mass Screening
  • Mental Health Services / supply & distribution*
  • Needs Assessment*
  • Patient Acceptance of Health Care / statistics & numerical data
  • Prevalence
  • Psychotherapy, Brief
  • Public Health*
  • Research Design
  • United Kingdom