Background: If tobacco-related carcinogens are not inactivated or extruded from the cell, they can damage the DNA. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in genes involved in tobacco metabolism, DNA repair, and multidrug resistance have been related to lung cancer susceptibility. We examined 13 SNPs in 10 of these genes and correlated the results with time to progression (TTP) and overall survival (OS) in 71 smoker or former smoker patients with resected non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
Materials and methods: DNA was obtained from paraffin-embedded tumor. SNP analysis of the candidate genes was performed by allelic discrimination assay. Log-rank test, Kaplan-Meier plots, and Cox multivariate analysis were used to evaluate the association of TTP and survival with the SNPs evaluated.
Results: Patients with wild-type (wt) XPC rs2228001, wt CYP2C8 rs10509681, or non-wt NAT2 rs1799930 had a longer TTP. Patients with wt ERCC1 showed a nonsignificant trend towards longer TTP. No other relation between SNPs and TTP were observed. Patients harboring at least two unfavorable genotypes in these four genes had a shorter TTP and OS than patients with either one or no unfavorable genotypes. In the multivariate analysis, non-wt XPC rs2228001 and the presence of at least two unfavorable genotypes emerged as independent markers for shorter TTP.
Conclusions: SNPs in tobacco metabolism and DNA repair genes may influence the clinical outcome of resected NSCLC.
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.