Wound complications after gynecologic cancer surgery

Gynecol Oncol. 2011 May 1;121(2):347-52. doi: 10.1016/j.ygyno.2011.01.026. Epub 2011 Feb 15.


Objective: To explore clinical correlates of wound complications in high-risk women undergoing abdominal gynecologic surgery in a tertiary referral center.

Methods: Retrospective analysis of patient demographics, pre-operative and intra-operative information, and outcomes was performed in a cohort of patients who underwent abdominal surgery for suspected gynecologic malignancy between 1/2005 and 6/2008. The primary outcome was wound complication within 6 weeks of surgery. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were employed. A nomogram predicting post-operative wound complications was created and validated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis and 10-fold cross-validation.

Results: Median age of 373 women analyzed was 57years (range 25-88), median body mass index (BMI) 32.3kg/m(2) (range 14.0-70.7). A total of 150 patients (40%) had prior abdominal surgery; 40 (11%) had a pre-operative serum albumin <3.5g/dl; and 78 (21%) had pulmonary disease. Wound complications occurred in 125 patients (34%). In multivariate analysis wound complications were correlated with BMI of 30-39.9kg/m(2) (OR=5.62, 95% CI 2.08-15.19, p<0.0001) and BMI≥40kg/m(2) (OR=10.27, 95% CI 3.66-28.88, p<0.0001), prior abdominal surgery (OR 3.28, 95%CI1.89-5.70, p<0.0001), serum albumin≤3.5g/dl (OR 4.24, 95%CI 1.87-9.61, p=0.0005), pulmonary disease (OR 2.22, 95%CI 1.09-4.51, p=0.03), lysis of adhesions (OR 3.57, 95%CI 1.04-12.26, p=0.04), and length of surgery (OR 2.42, 95%CI 1.35-4.35, p=0.003). Risk for wound complication was lower with pelvic drain placement (OR 0.26, 95%CI 0.11-0.64, p=0.003).

Conclusions: Wound complications are common in gynecologic oncology. Further studies should explore whether risk factor modification decreases complications.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Female
  • Genital Neoplasms, Female / surgery*
  • Gynecologic Surgical Procedures / adverse effects*
  • Humans
  • Laparotomy / adverse effects
  • Middle Aged
  • Missouri / epidemiology
  • Postoperative Complications / epidemiology*
  • Postoperative Complications / etiology
  • Postoperative Complications / pathology
  • Retrospective Studies