Phase II study of cisplatin plus cetuximab in advanced, recurrent, and previously treated cancers of the cervix and evaluation of epidermal growth factor receptor immunohistochemical expression: a Gynecologic Oncology Group study

Gynecol Oncol. 2011 May 1;121(2):303-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ygyno.2011.01.030. Epub 2011 Feb 16.


Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of cetuximab (C225), an antibody that inhibits epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) activity, with cisplatin and to explore associations between EGFR protein expression with patient demographics or clinical outcome.

Methods: Women with advanced, persistent, or recurrent carcinoma of the cervix were eligible. The women received cisplatin at 30mg/m(2) on days 1 and 8 with a loading dose of cetuximab at 400mg/m(2) followed by 250mg/m(2) on days 1, 8, and 15 in a 21day cycle. Adverse events were assessed with CTCAE v 3.0. Primary measure of efficacy was tumor response by RECIST. The study was stratified by prior chemotherapy (CT). EGFR protein expression in pre-treatment tumor was analyzed by immunohistochemistry.

Results: Between September 2004 and March 2008, 76 patients were enrolled. Of these, 69 were eligible and evaluable; 44 (64%) received prior chemotherapy. There were 4 responses in each group, prior chemotherapy and no chemotherapy, 9% and 16%, respectively. Grade 4 toxicities included anemia (1), allergy (1), metabolic (1), and vascular (1). The most common grade 3 toxicities were metabolic (15), dermatologic (8), fatigue (6), and gastrointestinal (6). EGFR protein was expressed in 47/48 (98%) of tumors analyzed with a median cellular expression of 81%. Exploratory analyses revealed a trend between the percentage of cells expressing EGFR protein and PFS (hazard ratio=1.76, 95% confidence interval=0.96-3.21).

Conclusions: The combination of cetuximab with cisplatin was adequately tolerated but did not indicate additional benefit beyond cisplatin therapy.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial, Phase II
  • Multicenter Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / administration & dosage
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized
  • Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use*
  • Cetuximab
  • Cisplatin / administration & dosage
  • Disease-Free Survival
  • ErbB Receptors / biosynthesis*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / drug therapy*
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / enzymology*
  • Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / drug therapy*
  • Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / enzymology*
  • Young Adult


  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized
  • EGFR protein, human
  • ErbB Receptors
  • Cetuximab
  • Cisplatin