A Nationwide Analysis of US racial/ethnic Disparities in Smoking Behaviors, Smoking Cessation, and Cessation-Related Factors

Am J Public Health. 2011 Apr;101(4):699-706. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2010.191668. Epub 2011 Feb 17.

Abstract

Objectives: We used nationally representative data to examine racial/ethnic disparities in smoking behaviors, smoking cessation, and factors associated with cessation among US adults.

Methods: We analyzed data on adults aged 20 to 64 years from the 2003 Tobacco Use Supplement to the Current Population Survey, and we examined associations by fitting adjusted logistic regression models to the data.

Results: Compared with non-Hispanic Whites, smaller proportions of African Americans, Asian Americans/Pacific Islanders, and Hispanics/Latinos had ever smoked. Significantly fewer African Americans reported long-term quitting. Racial/ethnic minorities were more likely to be light and intermittent smokers and less likely to smoke within 30 minutes of waking. Adjusted models revealed that racial/ethnic minorities were not less likely to receive advice from health professionals to quit smoking, but they were less likely to use nicotine replacement therapy.

Conclusions: Specific needs and ideal program focuses for cessation may vary across racial/ethnic groups, such that approaches tailored by race/ethnicity might be optimal. Traditional conceptualizations of cigarette addiction and the quitting process may need to be revised for racial/ethnic minority smokers.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Female
  • Health Behavior / ethnology
  • Health Status Disparities
  • Humans
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Smoking / epidemiology
  • Smoking / ethnology*
  • Smoking Cessation / ethnology*
  • United States / epidemiology
  • Young Adult