Multivariate data analysis in pharmaceutics: a tutorial review

Int J Pharm. 2011 Sep 30;417(1-2):280-90. doi: 10.1016/j.ijpharm.2011.02.019. Epub 2011 Feb 16.


We provide an overview of latent variable methods used in pharmaceutics and integrated with advanced characterization techniques such as vibrational spectroscopy. The basics of the most common latent variable methods, principal component analysis (PCA), principal component regression (PCR) and partial least-squares (PLS) regression, are presented. Multiple linear regression (MLR) and methods for improved interpretation, variable selection, classification and validation are also briefly discussed. Extensive use of the methods is demonstrated by compilation of the recent literature.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Chemistry, Pharmaceutical / methods*
  • Humans
  • Least-Squares Analysis
  • Linear Models
  • Models, Statistical
  • Multivariate Analysis*
  • Pharmaceutical Preparations / chemistry
  • Pharmaceutical Preparations / metabolism
  • Principal Component Analysis / methods


  • Pharmaceutical Preparations