A game platform for treatment of amblyopia

IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng. 2011 Jun;19(3):280-9. doi: 10.1109/TNSRE.2011.2115255. Epub 2011 Feb 17.


We have developed a prototype device for take-home use that can be used in the treatment of amblyopia. The therapeutic scenario we envision involves patients first visiting a clinic, where their vision parameters are assessed and suitable parameters are determined for therapy. Patients then proceed with the actual therapeutic treatment on their own, using our device, which consists of an Apple iPod Touch running a specially modified game application. Our rationale for choosing to develop the prototype around a game stems from multiple requirements that such an application satisfies. First, system operation must be sufficiently straightforward that ease-of-use is not an obstacle. Second, the application itself should be compelling and motivate use more so than a traditional therapeutic task if it is to be used regularly outside of the clinic. This is particularly relevant for children, as compliance is a major issue for current treatments of childhood amblyopia. However, despite the traditional opinion that treatment of amblyopia is only effective in children, our initial results add to the growing body of evidence that improvements in visual function can be achieved in adults with amblyopia.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Algorithms
  • Amblyopia / therapy*
  • Calibration
  • Computers
  • Depth Perception
  • Equipment Design
  • Eye Movements / physiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Photic Stimulation
  • Psychomotor Performance / physiology
  • Software
  • User-Computer Interface
  • Video Games*
  • Vision, Binocular / physiology
  • Young Adult