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. 2011;11(1):24-9.
doi: 10.1159/000323961. Epub 2011 Feb 18.

Safety of Pancreatic Surgery in Patients With Simultaneous Liver Cirrhosis: A Single Center Experience

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Safety of Pancreatic Surgery in Patients With Simultaneous Liver Cirrhosis: A Single Center Experience

Peter Warnick et al. Pancreatology. .

Abstract

Background/aims: Pancreatic surgery is associated with an increased risk of postoperative complications. We therefore investigated the impact of an additional liver function disorder on the postoperative outcome using a case-control study of patients with or without liver cirrhosis who underwent pancreatic surgery at our department.

Methods: Between 1998 and 2008, 1,649 pancreatic resections were performed. Of these, 32 operations were performed in patients who also suffered from liver cirrhosis (30× Child A, 2× Child B). For our case-control study, we selected another 32 operated patients without cirrhosis who were matched according to age, sex, diagnosis and tumor classification. The following parameters were compared between both groups: operating time, number of transfusions, duration of ICU and hospital stay, incidence of complications, rate of reoperation, mortality.

Results: Patients with cirrhosis experienced complications significantly more often (69 vs. 44%; p = 0.044), especially major complications (47 vs. 22%; p = 0.035) requiring reoperation (34 vs. 12%; p = 0.039). These patients also had a prolonged hospital stay (27.9 vs. 24.3 days) and a significantly longer ICU stay (8.6 vs. 3.7 days; p = 0.033), and required twice as many transfusions. Overall, 3 patients died following surgery, 1 with Child A (3% of all Child A patients) and 2 with Child B cirrhosis.

Conclusion: Pancreatic surgery is associated with an increased risk of postoperative complications in patients with liver cirrhosis, and is therefore not recommended in patients with Child B cirrhosis. In Child A cirrhotic patients the mortality is, however, comparable to noncirrhotic patients. Due to the demanding medical efforts that these patients require, they should be treated exclusively in high-volume centers. and IAP.

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