Mapping of INS promoter interactions reveals its role in long-range regulation of SYT8 transcription

Nat Struct Mol Biol. 2011 Mar;18(3):372-8. doi: 10.1038/nsmb.1993. Epub 2011 Feb 20.


Insulin (INS) synthesis and secretion from pancreatic β-cells are tightly regulated; their deregulation causes diabetes. Here we map INS-associated loci in human pancreatic islets by 4C and 3C techniques and show that the INS gene physically interacts with the SYT8 gene, located over 300 kb away. This interaction is elevated by glucose and accompanied by increases in SYT8 expression. Inactivation of the INS promoter by promoter-targeting siRNA reduces SYT8 gene expression. SYT8-INS interaction and SYT8 transcription are attenuated by CTCF depletion. Furthermore, SYT8 knockdown decreases insulin secretion in islets. These results reveal a nonredundant role for SYT8 in insulin secretion and indicate that the INS promoter acts from a distance to stimulate SYT8 transcription. This suggests a function for the INS promoter in coordinating insulin transcription and secretion through long-range regulation of SYT8 expression in human islets.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural

MeSH terms

  • CCCTC-Binding Factor
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Gene Expression Regulation*
  • Genetic Loci
  • Glucose / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Insulin / genetics*
  • Islets of Langerhans / cytology
  • Islets of Langerhans / metabolism
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic*
  • Protein Binding
  • Repressor Proteins / metabolism
  • Synaptotagmins / genetics*
  • Transcription, Genetic*
  • Troponin I / genetics


  • CCCTC-Binding Factor
  • CTCF protein, human
  • Insulin
  • Repressor Proteins
  • SYT8 protein, human
  • TNNI2 protein, human
  • Troponin I
  • Synaptotagmins
  • Glucose