Orbital fractures: a review

Clin Ophthalmol. 2011 Jan 12;5:95-100. doi: 10.2147/OPTH.S14972.


THIS REVIEW OF ORBITAL FRACTURES HAS THREE GOALS: 1) to understand the clinically relevant orbital anatomy with regard to periorbital trauma and orbital fractures, 2) to explain how to assess and examine a patient after periorbital trauma, and 3) to understand the medical and surgical management of orbital fractures. The article aims to summarize the evaluation and management of commonly encountered orbital fractures from the ophthalmologic perspective and to provide an overview for all practicing ophthalmologists and ophthalmologists in training.

Keywords: fracture; medial wall; orbit; orbital floor; trauma; zmc fracture; zygomatic; zygomatic complex; zygomaticomaxillary complex fractures.