Physiological inhibitors of Wnt signaling

Eur J Haematol. 2011 Jun;86(6):453-65. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0609.2011.01592.x.


Wnt signaling is crucial for cell proliferation and differentiation. It represents a complex network with mechanisms of self-regulation through positive and negative feedback. Recent increasing interest in this signaling pathway has led to the discovery of many new proteins that down-regulate Wnt activity. Here, we provide a short description of the most important and best-studied inhibitors, group them according to the target molecule within the Wnt cascade, and discuss their clinical potential. Although most of the inhibitors discussed here may also interact with proteins from other signaling pathways, we focus only on their ability to modulate Wnt signaling.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing / physiology
  • Animals
  • Dishevelled Proteins
  • Humans
  • LDL-Receptor Related Proteins / antagonists & inhibitors
  • LDL-Receptor Related Proteins / physiology
  • Ligands
  • Models, Biological
  • Phosphoproteins / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Phosphoproteins / physiology
  • Signal Transduction / physiology*
  • Wnt Proteins / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Wnt Proteins / physiology*
  • beta Catenin / antagonists & inhibitors
  • beta Catenin / physiology


  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing
  • Dishevelled Proteins
  • LDL-Receptor Related Proteins
  • Ligands
  • Phosphoproteins
  • Wnt Proteins
  • beta Catenin