Breast cancer screening and problem solving using mammography, ultrasound, and magnetic resonance imaging

Ultrasound Q. 2011 Mar;27(1):23-47. doi: 10.1097/RUQ.0b013e31820e15ac.


Although mammography is the mainstay of early breast cancer detection, it has known limitations, particularly in women with dense breasts. As a result, additional imaging modalities, including ultrasound and contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging, are also being used to supplement mammography in the early detection of occult breast cancer. This article reviews the indications and efficacy of mammography, ultrasound, and magnetic resonance imaging as both screening and diagnostic tools.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Breast Neoplasms / diagnosis*
  • Breast Neoplasms, Male / diagnosis
  • Contrast Media
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging*
  • Male
  • Mammography*
  • Ultrasonography, Mammary*


  • Contrast Media