While attachment to bone is required for optimal osteoclast function, the molecular events that underlie this fact are unclear, other than that the cell requires adhesion to mineralized matrix to assume a fully differentiated phenotype. To address this issue, we cultured murine bone marrow-derived osteoclasts on either cell culture plastic or devitalized mouse calvariae to identify the distinct genetic profile induced by interaction with bone. Among a number of genes previously unknown to be expressed in osteoclasts we found that Annexin A8 (AnxA8) mRNA was markedly up-regulated by bone. AnxA8 protein was present at high levels in osteoclasts present in human tissues recovered from sites of pathological bone loss. The presence of bone mineral was required for up-regulation of AnxA8 mRNA since osteoclasts plated on decalcified bone express AnxA8 at low levels as did osteoclasts plated on native or denatured type I collagen. Finally, AnxA8-regulated cytoskeletal reorganization in osteoclasts generated on a mineralized matrix. Thus, we used a novel approach to define a distinct bone-dependent genetic program associated with terminal osteoclast differentiation and identified Anxa8 as a gene strongly induced late in osteoclast differentiation and a protein that regulates formation of the cell's characteristic actin ring.
Copyright © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.