Tricuspid valve repair in hypoplastic left heart syndrome

Pediatr Cardiol. 2011 Jun;32(5):599-606. doi: 10.1007/s00246-011-9924-9. Epub 2011 Feb 24.


Tricuspid valve regurgitation (TR) remains an obstacle for staged palliation of hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS). Because previous results from our institution suggested that posterior leaflet obliteration (PLO) is effective in tricuspid valve repair (TVR), we preferentially used this method. This report analyzes the effect of this preference on repair success and patient survival. All HLHS patients with 3-4+ preoperative TR undergoing TVR between 2002 and 2007 were retrospectively analyzed. Clinical and echocardiographic data were used to determine outcomes. Seventy-one percent (17 of 24) of patients had success at early outcome; the remaining 29% experienced early failure. Sixty-three percent (15 of 24) of patients demonstrated success at late outcome. Early outcome status was found to be a predictor of late outcome status (OR 22.9, P = 0.0037). Overall survival was 71% (17 of 24). Survival could not be shown to be associated with early or late outcome status (odds ratio = 0.96). A preference for PLO was found to give improved, long-lasting results for HLHS patients. Success at immediate outcome was predictive of success with time. PLO has the advantage of being simple and reproducible and produces good outcomes in this challenging group. Continued follow-up will be necessary to confirm long-term outcomes.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Fontan Procedure
  • Hospital Mortality
  • Humans
  • Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome / mortality
  • Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome / surgery*
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Survival Rate
  • Suture Techniques
  • Tricuspid Valve / surgery*
  • Tricuspid Valve Insufficiency / mortality
  • Tricuspid Valve Insufficiency / surgery*
  • Ventricular Function, Right / physiology