Dissecting the human immunologic memory for pathogens

Immunol Rev. 2011 Mar;240(1):40-51. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-065X.2010.01000.x.


Studies on immunologic memory in animal models and especially in the human system are instrumental to identify mechanisms and correlates of protection necessary for vaccine development. In this article, we provide an overview of the cellular basis of immunologic memory. We also describe experimental approaches based on high throughput cell cultures, which we have developed to interrogate human memory T cells, B cells, and plasma cells. We discuss how these approaches can provide new tools and information for vaccine design, in a process that we define as 'analytic vaccinology'.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • B-Lymphocytes / immunology*
  • Drug Design
  • Host-Pathogen Interactions*
  • Humans
  • Immunologic Memory*
  • T-Lymphocytes / immunology*
  • Vaccines / immunology


  • Vaccines