Standard imaging techniques for neuroendocrine tumors

Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am. 2011 Mar;40(1):153-62, ix. doi: 10.1016/j.ecl.2010.12.002.


Several diagnostic imaging techniques have been used successfully for evaluating patients with neuroendocrine tumors (NETs). These techniques include computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging, positron emission tomography/CT, single-photon emission CT (SPECT), and SPECT/CT. This article reviews the various imaging methods and their respective advantages and limitations for use in different types of NETs, in particular carcinoid tumors.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Carcinoid Tumor / diagnosis
  • Carcinoid Tumor / diagnostic imaging
  • Diagnostic Imaging / methods*
  • Diagnostic Imaging / standards*
  • Gastrointestinal Neoplasms / diagnosis*
  • Gastrointestinal Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Neuroendocrine Tumors / diagnosis*
  • Neuroendocrine Tumors / diagnostic imaging
  • Pancreatic Neoplasms / diagnosis*
  • Pancreatic Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging
  • Positron-Emission Tomography
  • Radiography
  • Radiopharmaceuticals
  • Reference Standards


  • Radiopharmaceuticals