Background: Coarctation of the aorta (CoA) is often associated with clinically significant hypoplasia of the aortic arch. Historically, patch aortoplasty or bypass procedures have been the preferred techniques when arch augmentation is required in children beyond infancy. While safe and effective, these approaches require prosthetic or biologic material without the potential for growth, or normal endothelial and physiologic elastic function. This retrospective study reviews the use of a novel technique, ascending sliding arch aortoplasty, that utilizes viable autologous tissue for repair of arch obstruction in children beyond infancy.
Methods: Between April 2002 and January 2007, 8 patients ranging in age from 18 months to 15 years underwent repair of CoA with arch hypoplasia using ascending sliding arch aortoplasty. All patients were approached through median sternotomy, utilizing cardiopulmonary bypass and selective antegrade cerebral perfusion.
Results: There was no mortality or major morbidity. One toddler had pneumonia, resulting in an increased length of stay. Median duration of hospitalization was 5.8 days, ranging from 3 to 10 days. No patient had evidence of residual obstruction or recurrent CoA at a mean follow-up interval of 36 months.
Conclusions: Ascending sliding arch aortoplasty for CoA with arch obstruction in children beyond infancy is a safe technique that can be accomplished without deep hypothermic circulatory arrest. There is no evidence of recurrence at midterm follow-up. Because the augmentation is accomplished with viable autologous aortic tissue, the potential for growth, preserved elasticity and endothelial function, and resistance to infection make this method attractive for use in the young.
Copyright © 2011 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.