Exercise during pregnancy improves maternal health perception: a randomized controlled trial

Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2011 May;204(5):402.e1-7. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2011.01.043. Epub 2011 Feb 26.


Objective: We have studied the effect of moderate physical activity that is performed by healthy women during their entire pregnancy on their perception of health status.

Study design: Eighty sedentary women were assigned randomly to either an exercise group (n = 40) or a control group (n = 40). Maternal perception of health status and several pregnancy outcomes were recorded.

Results: Significant differences (P = .03) were found between study groups in the percentage of women who perceived their health status as "very good"; the values that corresponded to the exercise group (n = 18; 54.5%) were better than those of the control group (n = 9; 27.3%). In addition, the women of the exercise group gained less weight (11,885 ± 3146 g) than those of the control group (13,903 ± 2113; P = .03).

Conclusion: A moderate physical activity program that is performed over the first, second, and third trimester of pregnancy improves the maternal perception of health status.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Exercise / psychology*
  • Female
  • Health Status*
  • Humans
  • Maternal Welfare / psychology*
  • Perception*
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Outcome
  • Sedentary Behavior
  • Women's Health