Specific lipids modulate the transporter associated with antigen processing (TAP)

J Biol Chem. 2011 Apr 15;286(15):13346-56. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M110.216416. Epub 2011 Feb 25.


The transporter associated with antigen processing (TAP) plays a key role in adaptive immunity by translocating proteasomal degradation products from the cytosol into the endoplasmic reticulum lumen for subsequent loading onto major histocompatibility (MHC) class I molecules. For functional and structural analysis of this ATP-binding cassette complex, we established the overexpression of TAP in the methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris. Screening of optimal solubilization and purification conditions allowed the isolation of the heterodimeric transport complex, yielding 30 mg of TAP/liter of culture. Detailed analysis of TAP function in the membrane, solubilized, purified, and reconstituted states revealed a direct influence of the native lipid environment on activity. TAP-associated phospholipids, essential for function, were profiled by liquid chromatography Fourier transform mass spectrometry. The antigen translocation activity is stimulated by phosphatidylinositol and -ethanolamine, whereas cholesterol has a negative effect on TAP activity.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters / chemistry*
  • ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters / genetics
  • ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters / immunology
  • ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Membrane Lipids / chemistry*
  • Membrane Lipids / genetics
  • Membrane Lipids / immunology
  • Membrane Lipids / metabolism
  • Pichia / genetics
  • Recombinant Proteins / chemistry
  • Recombinant Proteins / genetics
  • Recombinant Proteins / immunology
  • Recombinant Proteins / metabolism


  • ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters
  • Membrane Lipids
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • transporter associated with antigen processing (TAP)