Epidemiology of spondyloarthritis in Brazil

Am J Med Sci. 2011 Apr;341(4):287-8. doi: 10.1097/MAJ.0b013e31820f8caf.


During the period of 2006 to 2007, 28 university centers in Brazil used a standardized protocol of investigation to study the epidemiological, clinical and radiological variables of 1036 consecutive patients with the diagnosis of spondyloarthritis (SpA). Validated translated (Portuguese) versions of the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis (AS) Disease Activity Index and the Bath AS Functional Index were applied. Patient diagnoses were predominantly AS (72.3%), followed by psoriatic arthritis (13.7%), undifferentiated SpA (6.3%), reactive arthritis (3.6%), juvenile SpA (3.1%) and arthritis related to inflammatory bowel disease (1.0%). There was a predominance of male (73.6%) and white (59.5%) patients. Pure axial disease was observed in 36.7% of the patients, whereas the mixed pattern (axial, peripheral and entheseal) was observed in 47.9%. The most common extra-articular involvement was anterior uveitis (20.2%). HLA-B27 was positive in 69.5% of the tested patients.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Arthritis, Psoriatic / epidemiology
  • Arthritis, Reactive / epidemiology
  • Brazil / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prevalence
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Spondylarthritis / epidemiology*
  • Spondylitis, Ankylosing / epidemiology
  • Young Adult